Una propuesta de optimización multicriterio para la asignación de la ayuda oficial al desarrollo: combinando los intereses de los donantes y de los receptores

Palabras clave:

Ayuda oficial al desarrollo, intereses donante, intereses receptor, distribución geográfica de a ayuda, optimización multi-criterio


Es bien sabido que los donantes persiguen diferentes objetivos al conceder su ayuda oficial al desarrollo (objetivos altruistas, basados en los intereses de los receptores, pero también basados en los suyos propios). Este estudio propone una herramienta que posibilita combinar ambos tipos de objetivos, permitiendo a cada donante (bilateral o multilateral) comprender, optimizar y orientar mejor la distribución de su AOD en función de los intereses de ambas partes de la transacción (donante y receptor). Dicha herramienta utiliza curvas de concentración e índices de Suits para determinar una distribución óptima de la ayuda mediante el desarrollo de un programa de optimización restringido que incluya todos los objetivos perseguidos. Además, utilizada a nivel agregado, esta herramienta podría facilitar la coordinación de los donantes para alcanzar los objetivos internacionales de desarrollo. 


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Biografía del autor/a

Yolanda Muñoz-Ocaña, Universidad Loyola Andalucía
Received her  PhD degree in Economics and Business Administration in 2014. She works as Associate Professor at Universidad Loyola Andalucía (Business Management Department).  Her current research interests include entrepreneurship and excellent management systems, as well as issues related to international development cooperation. She is a member of the research group Development Studies Group (GED).
Mercedes Torres Torres Jiménez, Universidad Loyola Andalucía
Profesora área Estadística Departamento Métodos Cuantitativos
Mariano Carbonero-Ruz, Universidad Loyola Andalucía

Doctor in Mathematics in 1995. He Works at the Universidad Loyola Andalucía as a tenured lecturer in the Quantitative Methods Department. His current research interest is computational intelligence, both theoretical research and applications of methods to solve real problems in different areas of Economics and Education. He is a member of the Spanish research groups AYRNA (Artificial Neural Networks and Learning) and MICA (Applied Quantitative Research Methods).

Ana M. Pacheco-Martínez, Universidad Loyola Andalucía

Graduated in Mathematics, Master in Advanced Studies of Mathematics,  doctor in Mathematics and doctor in Computer Science and its Applications from University of Poitiers (2013). She has been working as a lecturer at Universidad de Sevilla and currently at Universidad Loyola Andalucia. Her current research interests are digital images, geometric modelling, Lie algebras and graph theory. She is a member of the Spanish research group TIC245: Topological Pattern Analysis, Recognition and Learning. She also belongs to the MICA (Applied Quantitative Research Methods) at Universidad Loyola Andalucía.


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Cómo citar
Muñoz-Ocaña, Y., Torres Jiménez, M. T., Carbonero-Ruz, M., & Pacheco-Martínez, A. M. (2022). Una propuesta de optimización multicriterio para la asignación de la ayuda oficial al desarrollo: combinando los intereses de los donantes y de los receptores. Revista De Economía Mundial, (62), 151-170. https://doi.org/10.33776/rem.vi62.6972
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